Phil 7.25.17

Finally a cool, lower humidity day! The windows are open and the AC is off.

7:00 – 8:00 Research

  • The Ring Theory of Kvetching has a different, “kvetcher-centered” map
  • Inglehart–Welzel cultural map of the world  inglehart-welzel_2015
  • The spread of fake news by social bots
    • The massive spread of fake news has been identified as a major global risk and has been alleged to influence elections and threaten democracies. Communication, cognitive, social, and computer scientists are engaged in efforts to study the complex causes for the viral diffusion of digital misinformation and to develop solutions, while search and social media platforms are beginning to deploy countermeasures. However, to date, these efforts have been mainly informed by anecdotal evidence rather than systematic data. Here we analyze 14 million messages spreading 400 thousand claims on Twitter during and following the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign and election. We find evidence that social bots play a key role in the spread of fake news. Accounts that actively spread misinformation are significantly more likely to be bots. Automated accounts are particularly active in the early spreading phases of viral claims, and tend to target influential users. Humans are vulnerable to this manipulation, retweeting bots who post false news. Successful sources of false and biased claims are heavily supported by social bots. These results suggests that curbing social bots may be an effective strategy for mitigating the spread of online misinformation.
  • The Age of the Crowd: A Historical Treatise on Mass Psychology Looks like a mass audience book by Moscovici. The table of contents is very compelling:
    • Part I. The Study of the Masses:
      1. The individual and the masses;
      2. The revolt of the masses;
      3. What do we do when faced with the masses?;
      4. Eastern and western varieties of despotism;
    • Part II. Le Bon and the Fear of Cowards:
      1. Who was Gustave Le Bon?;
      2. The Machiavelli of mass societies;
      3. Four reasons for saying nothing;
      4. The discovery of the masses;
      5. Mass hypnosis;
      6. The mental life of crowds
    • Part III. The Crowd, Women and Madness:
      1. Collective matter: the impulsive and conservative crowd;
      2. Collective form: the dogmatic and utopian crowd;
      3. The leaders of the crowd;
      4. Charisma;
      5. The strategies of propaganda and mass suggestion;
      6. Conclusion;
    • Part IV. The Leader Principle:
      1. The paradox of mass psychology;
      2. Natural crowds and artificial crowds;
      3. The leader principle;
    • Part V. Opinion and the Crowd:
      1. Communication is the valium of the people;
      2. Opinion, the public and the crowd;
      3. The law of the polarisation of prestige;
      4. The Republic in France: from a democracy of the masses to a democracy of publics
    • Part VI. The Best Disciple of Le Bon and Tarde: Sigmund Freud:
      1. The black books of Dr Freud;
      2. From classical to revolutionary mass psychology;
      3. The three questions of mass psychology;
      4. Crowds and the libido;
      5. The origin of affective attachments in society;
      6. Eros and mimesis;
      7. The end of hypnosis;
    • Part VII. The Psychology of the Charismatic Leader:
      1. Prestige and charisma;
      2. The postulate of mass psychology;
      3. The primal secret;
    • Part VIII. Hypotheses About Great Men:
      1. ‘The man Moses’;
      2. The family romances of great men;
      3. Creating a people;
      4. Mosaic and totemic leaders;
    • Part IX. Secular Religions:
      1. The secret of a religion;
      2. The prohibition of thought;
      3. The cult of the father;
    • Conclusion: the planetary age of the crowd;
  • More C&C
    • Inevitably we will end up by acknowledging the place of values in a world of information. Indeed the problem is to know which items of information to use ‘and which to discard, in order to arrive at a particular agreement. [p 122]
      • To restate, how to perform manifold reduction from a high dimensional, incomprehensible problem to something that is a more manageable size. This can include combining dimensions, deleting dimensions and synthesizing new dimensions that may or may not have a direct connection to the problem but seem relevant (Blindly following a leader, for example).
    • We may say that values are their vertical and horizontal coordinates: Even if they are not rational, they make reason possible, reason which for us has – and we must not forget it- the meaning of a value or norm, the highest norm to which our society pays homage. Hence the requirement that is emphasized by two specialists in decision-making; it is ‘a theory of rational consensus and commitment when, in fact there is a dissensus (Lehrer and Wagner, 1982: 4). To fulfil this need, such a theory, as we have demonstrated, must establish a relationship between these ideas. [p 122]
      • Self-organizing value maps, with axis based on dissensus measures. I think this is what I’m aiming for. And I think that dissensus could be measured by looking for the broadest range of sentiment applied to words, phrases or entities. These axis may be organizable using betweenness centrality measures that keep like axis together.

8:30 – 5:00 BRI

  • So the problem I’ve been having with the GEM was that JsonNode.asText() returned an empty String. JsonNode.toSting() does what asText is supposed to do as I understand it… Anyway, I am now able to generate a json message that can be used to test the GeoMesaIngestService.
  • Finished out the Web ingest test
  • Started the service ingest test
  • Need to enter stories and flesh out queries
  • Need to push NLP, Geocoder and Ingest before heading out today
  • Timesheet!
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